A good running vehicle is what most car owners would like to have especially if it is needed for their job. Police cars are examples of vehicles that need to be fast and always in great condition so they can catch criminals and respond to calls the fastest possible time. Now, for this reason, there are many vehicle accessories that can help speed up your unit, add more power and make it run more smoothly. A turbocharger is one of the most important accessories for your vehicle. Turbochargers can increase your engine power as much as 35% compared to having no turbocharger.
All vehicles whether it is run by diesel or gasoline must have a turbocharger in their engine. The turbocharger helps increase engine horsepower. Usually, a single turbocharger is used for diesel engine while two turbochargers are used for gasoline engine and it commonly referred to as twin turbo.
The main function of turbocharger is to increase the amount of air intake needed by the engine for better fuel combustion. It is actually connected on the exhaust manifold of the unit which is made of two kinds of impeller separated by a chamber. As the exhaust manifold releases air, it actually rotates the impeller of the turbo charger in the exhaust manifold side and since the two impeller of the turbo is directly coupled together, the impeller on the other end which is directly connected to the intake manifold would eventually turn itself adding air in the combustion process.
Turbocharger impellers rotate almost 3000 rpm and because of this it is prone to overheat just like the engine itself. There are two cooling processes done for turbo chargers to prevent overheat, the first is by using oil lubricants and the second one is through combination of water and oil lubricants. In oil lubricants, the turbo charger is regularly fed by engine oil through a steel pipe directly connected to the main engine. It cools down the turbo charger by lubricating its rotating parts which is the impellers and because of this it easily cools down itself. The combination of water and oil, it is usually used on large turbo charger, because engine oil is sometime not enough to cool down the turbo. A connection directly connected to the water passage way of the engine is connected and passes through the turbo to cool it.
One way of maintaining the good condition of your turbo charger is by ensuring that there clean engine oil is always present. You should also regularly check for any leak or damage in its connection. Avoid engine revolution especially when you have just started your engine. Owners have experienced turbo charger problem when they turn on their engine and run their car without allowing it to heat up especially on a cold weather. The usual turbo damage is mostly in the impeller itself because it is usually broke down into pieces when damaged. Now the most important thing to maintain the turbo in good condition besides checking its cooling system is by avoiding early engine revolution. It is also best to start the engine and wait until it reaches a designated temperature before running your vehicle.
Source by Thomas Glickman